There has been a reported case of monkeypox in Bayelsa state, Nigeria. Many tongues are wagging concerning the outbreak of the disease without any valid facts for now. A lot of people had a rude awakening when they heard of monkeypox disease especially among children presently in Bayelsa state and the health authorities have swung into action to avoid a panic situation and to manage the infection effectively.
Monkeypox is a viral disease that is prevalent in Central and West African villages, which could be transmitted to humans through various means. We shall look in the risk factors of contracting monkeypox, the symptoms of the disease, proper treatment options and prevention strategies as well.
Risk factors for MonkeyPox
Monkeypox can be transmitted to humans from pets, rodents and primates through a bite or the direct contact with an infected animal’s blood. It could be difficult to different the disease from smallpox as it’s quite similar and even chickenpox although which is not closely related. The illness from monkeypox usually persists for about 4 weeks but if properly treated it doesn’t have to cause any fatality or increase in the death rate of a community.
The disease was firstly discovered in monkeys in 1958, and this gave rise to its name. However, in 1970 the virus was spread to humans and by 1986 more than 400 incidence in humans have been reported. The death rate of about 10% occurred in Central and West Africa. In 2003, the virus broke out in the United States which was linked to prairie dogs that got the infection from an imported Gambian pouch rat.
The virus can spread either from animal to human through animal bite or contact with the body fluids of an infected animal. The virus could also be spread from human to another through the air or contact with the body fluids of an infected person.
Symptoms of MonkeyPox
There are several symptoms associated with the disease which is similar to smallpox symptoms as well.
The symptoms of MonkeyPox include muscle pain, fever, headache, rash appearance on face and other parts of the body, swelling of the lymph nodes. The incubation period for monkeypox is 12 days with one or more symptoms appearing simultaneously for people with the infection.
There are vaccines that help to lessen the risk of contracting monkeypox and increase immunity against the virus. People who handle animals in workplaces or as leisure should be vaccinated.
Transfer of the virus from human to human can be prevented by ensuring care attendants always wear gloves and face masks with other preventive measures in place.
These are some ways you could manage the disease from spreading and to keep yourself safe and disease free to a large extent. Health practitioners in contact with patients suffering from MonkeyPox should get vaccinated and be careful.