Learn About Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: It is the World heart Day

Pulmonary arterial hypertension

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is a heart disease that affects the health like cardiovascular diseases which has claimed a lot of lives since over 17. 5 million people die from complicated cases of heart disease every year.

Several of these health dysfunctions can be prevented by making some adjustments to food consumption, integrating aerobic exercise regularly into your daily routine and ensuring you indulge in a healthy lifestyle like reducing the intake of alcohol and completely quit smoking because of its adverse consequences on the health like the lungs, kidney and other vital organs in the body.

The disease is more common among women in the population because about 5 times as much women are diagnosed with the health challenge than men. It is also more prevalent among people in their late 40’s and above.

Pulmonary hypertension is a health condition that is chronic and can be life-threatening and it could get worse with time. Nevertheless, when you receive treatments it could alleviate the symptoms and enhance your health.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) refers to high blood pressure located within the arteries which moves from the heart to the lungs. It’s quite different from having high blood pressure.

Due to the presence of PAH the arteries in your lungs become thickened and blocked which affects the easy flow of blood through the channel and could increase the blood pressure in your lungs as a result. Your heart works more to pump blood through the arteries because of this condition which leads to fatigue and the muscles of the heart become weak. The end result is heart failure if care is not taken.


You may often feel dizzy as a result of shortage of oxygen because your lungs don’t receive enough blood to work properly so it affects your level of oxygen which makes you easily tired coupled with feelings of dizziness.

The symptoms of Pulmonary arterial hypertension takes time to emerge so you may have the disease for many years without being aware of it, due to the fact that the thickening and narrowing of the arteries is a gradual progress that builds up overtime.

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You need to go for a diagnosis in a hospital to determine the nature of your illness if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned.

Pulmonary hypertension causes a rise in the pressure in the pulmonary arteries.

Symptoms of PAH

The symptoms associated with PAH is similar to other common heart and lung dysfunctions like extreme high blood pressure in the pulmonary artery which could become stiff and thickened where an individual doesn’t receive proper diagnosis and treatment.

The symptoms are varied but fatigue is the most apparent symptom and breathlessness. Some other symptoms include the following:

  • Swelling of the legs and ankles
  • Chest pain
  • Swooning

Heart failure is a common cause of death among people who suffer from Pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Causes of Pulmonary arterial hypertension

  • The cause of PAH is relatively unknown to a large extent as the genes of an individual play a great role in determining if a person is susceptible to developing the disease.
  • However, some sickness conditions could lead to high blood pressure in the lungs such as blood clots in the lungs, HIV, diseases of the liver, scleroderma, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, congestive heart failure, lung disease like pulmonary fibrosis, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.
  • Regular medical checkups and early detection is the best option for people to stay safe and healthy.
  • Ensure you exercise regularly as well and consume healthy food while abstaining from lifestyle that could negatively affect the health like heavy consumption of alcohol and smoking.

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