Polio Outbreak: Kwara Govt steps up response in 7 LGAs

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Kwara State
Kwara State

The Kwara State Government says it has embarked on vaccination against polio in seven local governments areas of the state in response to an outbreak.

The Executive Secretary, Kwara State Primary Healthcare Development Agency, Abimbola Folorunso, made this known on Thursday in Ilorin.

According to Mrs Folorunso, the local government areas are Asa, Baruten, Ifelodun, Ilorin South, Ilorin West, Ilorin East, and Moro.

Read Also: Ko Ko Ko Make We Yan with Dr.Weyoms Women and HIV

She explained that the exercise was in view of “circulating derived poliovirus’’ being transmitted in the state.

The agency’s executive secretary said that 30 derived cases of polio were earlier detected in the state.

She said the state government had conducted five different campaigns to battle the outbreak.

Mrs Folorunso also said, “The exercise is aimed at boosting the immunity of our children against the deadly disease (poliomyelitis)’’.

She said another round of vaccination had been slated to take place from August 3 to 23 and would be administered to children aged zero to five.

The executive secretary urged mothers and caregivers to bring their children and wards for the exercise, promising that complimentary gifts would be given to children who were vaccinated.

Mrs Folorunso said the exercise would be conducted from August 3 to 18 in Edu, Ekiti, Irepodun, Isin, Oyun, Offa, Oke-Ero and Patigi local government areas.

She said from August 18 to 23, the exercise would take place in Asa, Baruten, Ifelodun, Ilorin East, Ilorin West, Ilorin South, and Moro local governments. (NAN)

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Nigeria :N19.46bn needed to prevent 70,327 cancer deaths yearly

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cancer deaths
cancer deaths

Experts seek disease mortality register, plan study on annual cost in country

Breast, cervical, prostate, colorectal tumours constitute 52.7% of all cases

To stop the deaths of 70,327 lives lost yearly to cancer, Nigeria needs over N19.46 billion yearly for prevention, diagnosis and treatment, hospice and palliative care, advocacy, data management and research, and governance and finance.

According to the National Cancer Control Plan (NCCP) 2018 –2022, Nigeria needs to spend N97,321,725,422.53 (N97.3 billion) on cancer treatment and care in five years. A breakdown showed that the country plans to spend N19.46 billion on cancer treatment and care yearly.

The NCCP 2018 –2022 has provided cost estimates for the five-year period of the NCCP so that stakeholders know the cost required to operationalise the plan. It also provided the cost estimates to be used for advocacy and resource mobilisation from stakeholders (international donors and local private sector, civil society, and government in the fight against cancer in Nigeria.

Read Also: Osun State: ‘56 out of 1,000 new babies die within 28 days of birth

A further breakdown of the figures showed that N60,508,390,843.09 (N60.5 billion) is for prevention; N59,508,662.50 (N59.5 million) for diagnosis and treatment; N272,032,497.06 (N272 million) for hospice and palliative care; N418,153,850.83 (N418.15 million) for advocacy; N419,787,613.31 (N419.78 million) for data management and research; N35,551,788,079.18 (N35.55 billion) for supply chain management (logistics); and N92,063,876.56 (N92 million) for governance and finance.

Also, current mortality estimates from modelling using incidence mortality rates derived from cancer registry data in GLOBOCAN 2018 showed cancer killed 70,327 and afflicted 115,950 Nigerians in 2018.

The GLOBOCAN 2018 data for Nigeria showed breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal tumours constitute 52.7 per cent of all cases.

GLOBOCAN 2018 is an online database providing estimates of incidence and mortality in 185 countries for 36 types of cancer, and for all cancer sites combined.

Meanwhile, unlike in the United States (US) where the overall lost earnings were $94.4 billion, and $191,900 per cancer death and lost earnings were $29.0 million per 100,000 population overall, according to a new United States (US) analysis published in JAMA Oncology, Nigeria does to have such figures.

Why? A professor of Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN), Enugu, Enugu State, Ifeoma Okoye, and the Medical Director, International Research Centre of Excellence, (IRCE) Institute of Human Virology, Abuja, Dr. Elima Jedy-Agba, told The Guardian that the amount of money Nigeria loses to cancer yearly is difficult to compute because the country does not have national mortality register and does not know the exact numbers of deaths from cancer.

Okoye and Jeddy-Agba said another reason is that the cancer cases particularly those in rural Nigeria or who are self employed like traders do not have information on their annual income that is for those who work and support families and whose income would be lost should they die from cancer.

Okoye, who is also the Director of UNN Centre For Clinical Trials, said this could be a research question, which needed to be investigated in a proper research study, “To estimate the annual cost of cancer in a particular state or geographic region in Nigeria” or “The annual cost of cancer care in Nigeria”.

Until now, several studies have shown that cancer deaths impose significant economic burden in Nigeria because of productivity losses due to premature death. Experts are unanimous that accurate information on the economic burden of cancer mortality can help in setting policies and prioritizing resources for cancer prevention and control.

However, contemporary data are lacking for not just in Nigeria but also in the United States nationally and by state.

According to the JAMA Oncology study, a total of 492,146 cancer deaths occurred in people ages 16 to 84 in the in 2015, translating to a total of 8,739,939 life years lost. The study identified which cancers and which states are associated with the greatest cost.

To update estimated lost earnings due to death from cancer, investigators led by Dr. Farhad Islami calculated person-years of life lost using numbers of cancer deaths and life expectancy data in individuals aged 16 to 84 years who died from cancer in the United States in 2015. They created estimates for cancer deaths overall and for the major cancers in the United States nationally and by state. The estimates are for lost earnings alone, and do not include other costs associated with cancer, including costs of treatment and caregiving.

Islami said: “Years of life lost and lost earnings were high for many cancers for which there are modifiable risk factors and effective screening and treatment, which suggests that a substantial proportion of our current national mortality burden is potentially avoidable.

“Applying comprehensive cancer prevention interventions and ensuring equitable access to high-quality care across all states could reduce the burden of cancer and associated geographic and other differences in the country…”

Health care professionals can contribute to achieving this goal because they play a central role in the delivery of cancer prevention, screening, and treatment.”

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526 teeth discovered in boy’s mouth by doctors

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526 teeth
526 teeth

Doctors have discovered about 526 teeth inside a 7-year-old Indian boy’s mouth.  “He always complain of jaw pain”, the hospital that treated him said. The boy whose name was not mentioned, was admitted last month in the southern city of Chennai because of swelling and pain near his molars in his lower right jaw

Read Also: Osun State: ‘56 out of 1,000 new babies die within 28 days of birth

 When doctors scanned and x-rayed his mouth, they found a sac embedded in his lower jaw filled with “abnormal teeth,” Dr. Prathiba Ramani, the head of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology at Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, said. Ramani said the boy was suffering from a very rare condition called compound composite odontoma, noting that it took his team about four to five hours to empty the sac after two surgeons had operated on the boy.

However, Dr. P. Senthilnathan, head of the hospital’s Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department and one of two surgeons who operated on the boy explain the procedures to the reporters “Under general anesthesia, we drilled into the jaw from the top,” he said.

We did not break the bone from the sides, meaning reconstruction surgery was not required. The sac was removed. You can think of it as a kind of balloon with small pieces inside.” Dr. Senthilnathan said the discovery showed it was important to seek treatment for dental issues as early as possible.

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GMO food is postponed suicide in disguise, environmentalists warn

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GMO food
GMO food

With the recent agricultural updates that if the world’s population should hit 10 billion, then the genetic modification of crops popularly called GMO would be the only way to meet food production.

Some environmentalists and agricultural experts have debunked the claim insisting that the world can always feed itself if wastage is checked.

Read Also: 20 million Nigerians on hepatitis death list- Anambra State Commissioner for Health

The experts made this assertion at a town hall meeting with civil society organisations and other stakeholders CSOs organised by Health of Mother Earth Foundation, HOMEF, in Benin City. Executive Director of HOMEF, Dr Nnimmo Bassey in his opening remarks upheld that artificial means of food production is as good as signing one’s death warrant and should not be considered in Nigeria.

He said those insisting on GMOs were those desperate to keep their jobs. Bassey said: “Records show that up to 30 per cent of food produced globally is wasted and in Nigeria, it is believed that up to 50 per cent of food produced gets damaged before getting to the cooking pots or dining table.

 Several reasons are responsible for the damage of harvests in Nigeria, genetic engineering cannot solve that problem”. I’ll not share public funds to few greedy individuals —Obaseki(Opens in a new browser tab) A Professor of Environmental and Genetic Toxicology of the University of Benin, Daniel Olorunfemi kicked against the idea of trying to alter nature with laboratory modulated findings as a contest against the order as ordained by nature and  God.

He likened GMOs to altering the DNA of a human being and the result can never be the same as the original DNA, adding that the hunger in Nigeria is artificial caused by misplaced priorities.

 He said: “We already have enough problems and GMO is just complicating. They have lasting effects that may not even present itself now but for unborn generations. We have been surviving well before the introduction of GMO in our country and taking it as an option in order to meet the status-quo of achieving Vision 2020 is mass ambush for Nigeria. It will never solve the issue of food crisis in Nigeria”.

While calling on proper investment in agriculture, participants called on the Federal Government to ban GMO foods into the country rather than claiming that there can be room for authorized GMO foods

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Second man in Goma to have Ebola is dead

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Ebola Goma
Ebola Goma

A Congolese official has said that the man who became the second confirmed Ebola case in the city of Goma has died.

Ebola response coordinator Jean-Jacques Muyembe confirmed the death on Wednesday morning, a day after the case was announced

Read Also: 20 million Nigerians on hepatitis death list- Anambra State Commissioner for Health

Muyembe has said there appears to be no link between the case and the previous one in Goma that was announced two and a half weeks ago. It is not immediately clear how the man arrived in Goma on July 13 from a mining area in northeastern Ituri province and what he did after he started showing symptoms on July 22. He was isolated at an Ebola treatment center on Tuesday.

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20 million Nigerians on hepatitis death list- Anambra State Commissioner for Health

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hepatitis death list
hepatitis death list

NO fewer than 20 million Nigerians are believed to be on the hepatitis death list, with the country contributing significantly to the global chronic viral hepatitis infection.

Anambra State Commissioner for Health, Dr Vincent Okpala, who gave the figure when members of the Rotary Club, Awka, paid him a courtesy call in commemoration of this year’s Hepatitis Day, described Hepatitis C as 10 times more infectious than HIV and has no vaccine.

 He said apart from the fact that hepatitis has no vaccine, the most disturbing aspect of the ailment was that most people live with it for years without knowing.

According to him, Nigeria had the prevalence rate of 11% and 2.2% for viral Hepatitis B and C respectively, adding that the percentage corresponds with the over 20 million people living with the virus in a population of about 198 million, who are at the risk of developing chronic complications of liver cirrhosis and primary liver cell cancers.

Okpala said: “Without finding the undiagnosed and linking them to care, millions will continue to suffer and lives will continue to be lost. Every single day, thousands of people are newly infected with Hepatitis yet viral Hepatitis B is entirely preventable.”

Read Also: Osun State: ‘56 out of 1,000 new babies die within 28 days of birth

 He listed some of the modes of transmitting viral Hepatitis B and C to include contact with infectious blood, semen and other bodily fluids. Others means of contracting the disease, he added, were through birth from a Hepatitis B-infected mother, sexual contact with a Hepatitis B-infected person, sharing needles, syringes or drug paraphernalia and tattooing.

 While commending Rotary Club for its role in reducing diseases in society, Okpala noted that the fight against hepatitis was everyone’s responsibility, explaining that the state would collaborate with the club in conducting free screening for civil servants and traders at the Bridge Head Drug Market in Onitsha.

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Osun State: ‘56 out of 1,000 new babies die within 28 days of birth

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Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey

The Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) has shown that out of 1,000 newly-born children in Osun State, 56 die within 28 days of their birth. The data also indicated that 78 out of 1,000 children in the state die before they are 12 months old. It also revealed that 101 out of 1,000 children in the state die before they are five years old.

Read Also: 7500 Gombe kids at risk of acute malnutrition – Investigation

 The Director, Department of Nutrition Services & Health Education (DNSHE) of the Osun Primary Health Care Development Board (OPHCDB), Dr James Oloyede, said such deaths would be avoidable if women in the state practised exclusive breastfeeding.

 At a sensitization programme organised yesterday for women groups in the state, Oloyede declared that the figure was unacceptable and the situation must be dealt with. He urged mothers-in-law to support their daughters-in-law to practise exclusive breast-feeding. The OPHCDB Director commended the state governor, Mr Gboyega Oyetola, for setting up a steering committee on breastfeeding, while urging representatives of women groups in the state to disseminate the exclusive breast-feeding message to their various communities and become its advocate. A public health specialist in the Board, Mr Michael Izuchukwu, advised women in the state to imbibe the exclusive breast-feeding culture to ensure that their children stay alive in sound health. He noted that breast milk already contained 88.1 per cent of water and cautioned nursing mothers to desist from giving water or any liquid to their children in the first six months of the baby’s life. Izuchukwu said, “The baby needs only breast milk to make him or her stay alive, healthy and brilliant. Exclusive breast-feeding has the potential to save more children’s lives than any other preventive intervention. In fact, a study has shown that an estimated 13 per cent of child deaths could be averted if 90 per cent of mothers exclusively breast-feed their infants for the first six months of life. “Breast-fed children have, at least, six times greater chance of survival in the early months than non-breastfed children. An exclusively breast-fed child is 14 times less likely to die in the first six months than a non-breastfed child.”

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7500 Gombe kids at risk of acute malnutrition – Investigation

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acute malnutrition
acute malnutrition

No fewer than 7, 500 children are at the risk of becoming severely malnourished as a result of impending shortage of Ready to Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF), supplement use to treat acute malnutrition in children. Findings by North East Trust revealed that at least 300 new cases of malnourished children are register monthly at each of the five LGAs with the Centre the Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM).

Read Also: NMA Embarks on Protest against Frequent Kidnapping of Doctors in C’River

 The Nutrition officer of Gombe Local Government Area, Mohammed Bawa, said they have run out of stock since January when they had the last supply of the RUTF.

 “The supply resumed only last Friday and there is fear that it will not last beyond September over non-release of counterpart funding by the last administration and the likely withdrawal of UNICEF from the RUF programme,” he said. Bawa disclosed that the 500 cartons of the RUTF received at his centre may last for only two months considering the high demand from within and, especially, outside Gombe metropolis. During a visit to one of the CMAM site in Gombe metropolis, several nursing mothers, with their malnourished children, were seen waiting to be given the RUTF ration for their children.

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NMA Embarks on Protest against Frequent Kidnapping of Doctors in C’River

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NMA Embarks on Protest

Medical doctors in Cross River State, operating on the platform of the Nigeria Medical Association (NMA), stormed the state House of Assembly in Calabar, the state capital, where they laid their protest against the incessant kidnapping of their members at the door steps of the state lawmakers.

The doctors also took their protest to the Government House where they also laid a similar complaint before the state Governor, Professor Ben Ayade.

While the medical doctors were marching through some streets in Calabar to the seat of power in the state, all public and private hospitals remained closed in continuation of the indefinite strike they embarked on recently following the abduction of Dr. Inyama Marcus a week ago. As at press time, Marcus was still in captivity.

Chairman of NMA in the state, Dr. Agama Ayuk, who led the protesting doctors to the state government, lamented that in the last your years, eight medical doctors and six members of their households have been kidnapped in the state.

Ayuk said the NMA was demanding the immediate release of Marcus from those who kidnapped him last week in Akpabuyo Local Government Area close to Calabar.

Speaking at the premises of the state House of Assembly, Ayku, who was flanked by hundreds of his colleagues, said the frequent kidnapping of medical doctors in the state was “worrisome.”

Lamenting the plight of medical personnel in the state in the hands of kidnappers, he said the government should provide adequate security, not just for members of the NMA, but for everybody in the state.

According to Ayuk, “On July 18, 2019, one of our colleagues, Dr. Marcus, was kidnapped on the way to his house. Since then, he has been held captive and they are demanding outrageous sum of money which is very difficult for doctors to pay.

“This is the 14 doctors and their dependents kidnapped across the state in the last four years. We work day and night, and we feel that we are not safe in carrying out our responsibility of saving lives.”

“And if we are not safe, we cannot save lives. When the people make emergency calls, we cannot go out of our houses to attend to them. So we have to withdraw our services to strengthen the hands of government to do more in providing security for everyone in the state.

“As we speak, many people are been kidnapped in Cross River State everyday, and we believe that the government, whose primary responsibility is security and welfare of the people, should do more to protect us.

“Cross River State is no longer safe for us. We hope that this issue will be taken as a matter of urgent public importance because we want the unconditional release of our colleague.”

Ayuk said the ongoing strike by members of the NMA would continue until Marcus regains his freedom.

Speaker of the assembly, Eteng Jonah-Williams, who responded to their complaints and address NMA members, said the lawmakers would give serious attention to the demands of the medical doctors.

“We need the Permanent Secretary on security to explain to us what’s going on. Within one week alone, I know of three persons that have been kidnapped within Calabar metropolis; this is a very sad development.

“We are with you, we will make sure that something is done urgently because I see no reason why doctors who save lives should be targeted and kidnapped always,’’ the Speaker said.

At the Government House, while addressing the medical doctors, the state Deputy Governor, Professor Ivara Esu, who stood in for the state governor, said the state government remained poised to providing security for the people of the state.

Esu promised that the state government was working seriously to secure the release of Marcus from the kidnappers den, as he appealed to the medical doctors to call of the strike in the interest of the public.

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NCDC records 82 suspected cases of Cholera Outbreak in Adamawa, Bauchi, Katsina

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Cholera Outbreak
Cholera Outbreak

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, yesterday said no fewer than 82 cases of suspected cholera had been recorded from seven local government areas in Adamawa, Bauchi and Katsina. The agency gave the breakdown of affected state as Adamawa 60 cases, Bauchi two cases and Katsina 20 cases. The Director-General of the council, Mr. Chikwe Ihekweazu, said out of the 82 suspected cases, 36 were confirmed in laboratory and one death recorded. Ihekweazu noted that the Cholera Technical Working Group, TWG, had continued to coordinate activities in states, in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Water Resources, FMWR, and support from partners. According to him, the Adamawa Emergency Operations Centre, EOC, was leading the response to cases in the state. The Director-General said Rapid Diagnostic Test kits, RDTs were distributed to local government councils by Disease Surveillance Notification Officers (DSNOs) for prompt test and action, saying:  “DSNOs and health facilities in high-risk areas and the TWG members, with a team from John Hopkins University, visited four states to conduct training on the use of measles RDTs. They planned to follow up to ensure continued vigilance and early reporting. They also planned to conduct level training on sample management and RDT testing for high priority states and conduct community sensitisation in Adamawa local government areas.” Lassa fever outbreak: NCDC confirms 23 new cases, 4 deaths (Opens in a new browser tab) On Lassa fever, he said there were 78 suspected cases from 17 local government areas in eight states in the country. He listed the states as Edo with 40 cases, Ondo, 16 cases; Ebonyi, seven cases; Plateau, nine cases; Gombe, one case; Enugu, one case; Kebbi, three cases and Cross River, one case. Ihekweazu added that 12 cases were confirmed in the laboratory with one death recorded. The NCDC boss announced a plan to support indigent patients through Basic Health Care Provision Fund and harmonisation of Lassa fever laboratory and surveillance data into one database. On measles, he disclosed that there were 633 suspected cases reported from 30 states. He added that none was confirmed in a laboratory but the Multi-Agency National Measles TWG was monitoring and coordinating response activities across the states. He said “TWG is working closely with National Measles Technical Coordination Committee toward an upcoming measles Supplementary Immunisation Activity (SIA) and introduction of second dose of measles vaccination. “The group conducted a planning meeting for After Action Review (AAR) and measles guideline review meeting and a travel advisory on measles outbreak shared across different media platforms.” The NCDC chief said that the centre would continue to review measles surveillance data across the nation and also continue planning for AAR and measles guideline review meetings.

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