Breast cancer is more peculiar to women and it develops in the breast tissue. There are many reasons that put people at risk of breast cancer. The health dysfunction has some symptoms which should not be treated with levity, and these will be highlighted here. We shall look into the cause of breast cancer and factors that increase the risk of developing it. The treatment options will also be examined with a view of having a detailed insight on how to manage the disease.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
There are several symptoms of breast cancer and they include the following:
- Change in shape of breast
- Lump in the breast
- Fluid drops from Nipples
- Inverted nipples
- Different breast size
There are also some other symptoms like shortness of breath, pain in the bones, discoloration of skin and swollen lymph nodes. There is need to seek medical help as fast as possible once you notice any of these symptoms for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Risk factors for Breast Cancer
There are several factors that increase the risk of breast cancer and they include:
- Gender: being female
- Lack of exercise
- Alcohol consumption
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Family history
- Older age
- Late child bearing
- Lack of child bearing
- Lack of breast feeding
Breast cancer usually develops from the cells and lining of milk ducts and lobules in the breast gland.
The most common sign of breast cancer is the lump in the breast which occurs when a woman examines herself personally, and other early stage of the disease can be detected by a mammogram.
Women who have children and also breast feed reduce the chances of having breast cancer in comparison to those who never bore a child or breast fed a baby. High cholesterol is another risk factor so people need to watch their diet and the kind of food being consumed. Women should stay off high fat diet, alcohol, and smoking tobacco as it increases their risk level a notch higher.
Prevention of Breast Cancer
There are different ways to reduce the development of breast cancer such as managing a healthy weight, consume less alcohol or abstain completely, stay physically active by exercise, eat healthy diet and take lots of citrus fruits like Lemon, Orange, and Grapefruit.
Treatment options for Breast Cancer
The treatment of breast cancer is largely due to some factors like the degree of the cancer and the age of the patient has to be taken into consideration. Breast cancer can be treated with surgery including chemotherapy, and radiation therapy or a combination of both. It depends on the stage of the disease and other related factors.
The tumor and the surrounding tissue could be removed via surgery. We have different kinds of surgery to treat breast cancer and they include the following:
Mastectomy: This process involves the complete removal of the entire breast. The doctor usually conducts a diagnosis and determines if this option is the best means to treat the cancer.
Lumpectomy: This process is the removal of a small portion of the breast that has a tumor growth. It usually works better when the cancer is discovered early and still manageable without much physiological effect.
Quadrantectomy: This process is the removal of a significant part of the breast; about one-quarter of the breast is cut off to avoid further spread of the tumor.
It’s necessary to always run routine checks on your breasts to easily detect lumps or any sign that could enable you to quickly detect breast cancer.
Get any concerns directed to a health practitioner for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Stay off contraceptives and other lifestyle that could increase the risks of developing breast cancer.
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